JOHNSON, Arthur A.: The Kalevan Kansa Colonization Company, Limited's
Relationship with North American Utopian Socialist Settlements from 1900 to
Pro gradu tutkielma, 78 s.
The research study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the
Kalevan Kansa Colonization Company, Limited and North American Utopian
Socialist Settlements between 1900 and 1905.
The research was conducted by utilizing the standard methods available for
historical inquiry. Archival materials and personal correspondence records
were the main research literature available for this study.
Although the Colonization Company's history includes the activities of it's
president prior to 1900, mention was made in regard to his activities only
where necessary, in order to supplement understanding of the overall period in
The results of the study indicate that the contacts which occurred were
basically of two types. Either with religious or non religious associations.
The first two years of the Colonization Company's history, between 1900 and
1902, indicated the majority of the contacts were with cooperative
associations. In contrast to this, the last two years of activity, between
1903 and 1904, indicate more contacts with religious settlements than with
The ultimate effect of these contacts were two sided. Initially, the first two
years contacts aided the Colonization Company to develop their cooperative
model. However, as the direction of the contacts changed, to increased
involvement with religious associations, it lead to a schism amorg its'
One of the significant causes for the collapse of the Colonization Company (besides
economic) was it's contacts with two religious associations.
If one compares these research findings with the generally accepted opinions
concerning the experiment, which appear in earlier research studies and
articles, it can be concluded, that the significance of these contacts have
not been acknowledged earlier.